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HIV & AIDS Situation

Uganda has had a generalized HIV epidemic for more than three decades, with HIV prevalence among adults aged 15-49 years estimated at 7.3% in 2011. It is estimated that by end of 2015, there were 1,461,744 people living with HIV (in Uganda, projected to increase to 1,586,776 in 2018 and 1,655,160 in 2020 (Spectrum Estimates 2015).

A high proportion of the population in Uganda is 15-24 years with high adolescent pregnancy rates (25%) and incident HIV infections among adolescents and young people. Unmet need for family planning among adolescent people living with HIV is also high (42%). In 2011, HIV prevalence was 3.7% in the 15-24 years age group. HIV prevalence among young people of the 15-19 years age group increased from 1.5% in 2004/5 to 2.4% in 2011.

The Uganda HIV Investment Case 2015-2025 defines several key populations, including fishing communities, sex workers and partners of sex workers, men who have sex with men, uniformed service personnel, and truckers. The 2014 Modes of Transmission (MOT) shows the highest incidence per 100,000 among key populations especially people who inject drugs, female sex workers and their clients, and men who have sex with men. Female sex workers accounted for 20.2% of new HIV infections in Uganda, with clients of female sex workers contributing 12.2%, and partners of their clients 3.9%

Global Fund Intervention


  • To lower the number of new youth and adult infections by 70% and the number of new pediatric HIV infections by 95% by 2020;
  • To decrease HIV-associated morbidity and mortality by 70% through achieving and maintaining 90% viral suppression by 2020;
  • To reduce vulnerability to HIV/AIDS and mitigation of its impact on PLHIV and other vulnerable groups


  • Scale up coverage and utilization of critical HIV prevention interventions to reduce new HIV infections;
  • Enhance programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV;
  • Scale up and sustain the delivery of ART in the public and private sectors;
  • Ensure universal access and coverage of quality, efficient and safe service to targeted population; and
  • Strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS programs to track the progress of implementation of priority initiatives.


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UGA-H-MOFPED_Grant Confirmation EXEC

UGA-H-MoFPED_Summary Budget_ IMPP2_GF